Hornet
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Printing and Framing Hornet Prints (Artwork) for Your Home or Office

This page is designed to give you ideas on types of prints that might work and some general information around your chosen animal prints theme. Order prints and have them carefully rolled and safely secured in a cardboard cylinder and delivered to your door.



Invertebrate Animals:

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Hornet Prints

Young hornet name: larvae, pupae

Female hornet: queen

Male hornet: drone

A group of hornets is called: swarm

Hornet classification: vespine

Hornet class: Invertebrate

Hornets are the largest eusocial wasps, that reach up to 45 millimetres (1.8 inches) in length. The true hornets make up the genus Vespa, and are distinguished from other vespines by the width of the vertex (part of the head behind the eyes), which is proportionally larger in Vespa; and by the anteriorly rounded gasters (the section of the abdomen behind the wasp waist).

The genus Vespa comprises about 20 species, most of which are native to tropical and desert southern Asia, but there is a species found across temperate Eurasia from Britain to Japan, the European hornet (V. crabro), and another, the Oriental hornet (V. orientalis), that extends via southern and central Asia to the Arabian peninsula, up to northern and eastern Africa and the Mediterranean basin (including southern Italy and Sicily). The European hornet V. crabro, was accidentally introduced to North America in 1840 and is now present in many eastern regions; it is the only true hornet in North America. As of 2003, its geographical range extends from the Northeastern United States west to the Dakotas, and south to Louisiana and Florida. Another occurs in temperate eastern Asia, the Yellow hornet (V. simillima), and some tropical species also range as far north as China, Siberia, or Japan. The Asian giant hornet (V. mandarinia) is a native of temperate and tropical Asia.

In Vespa crabro, the nest is founded in spring by a fertilized female, known as the queen. She generally selects sheltered places like dark hollow tree trunks. She builds a first series of cells (up to 50) out of chewed tree bark. The cells are arranged in horizontal layers named combs, each cell being vertical and closed at the top. An egg is then laid in each cell. After 5-8 days it hatches, and in the next two weeks the larva undergoes its five stages. During this time the queen feeds it a protein-rich diet of insects. Then the larva spins a silk cap over the cell's opening, and during the next two weeks transforms into an adult, a process called metamorphosis. Then the adult eats her way through the silk cap. This first generation of workers, invariably females, will now gradually undertake all the tasks that were formerly carried out by the queen (foraging, nest building, taking care of the brood, etc) with one exception: egg-laying, which remains exclusive to the queen.

As the colony size grows, new combs are added, and an envelope is built around the cell layers, until the nest is entirely covered, with the exception of an entry hole. At the peak of its population the colony can reach a size of 700 workers. This occurs in late summer.

At this time the queen starts producing the first reproductive individuals. Fertilized eggs develop into females (called gynes by entomologists), unfertilized ones into males (sometimes called drones). Adult males do not participate in nest maintenance, foraging, or caretaking of the larvae. In early to mid-autumn they leave the nest and mate during nuptial flights. Males die shortly after mating. The workers and queens survive at most until mid to late autumn; only the fertilized queens survive over winter.

Other temperate species (e.g. the yellow hornet, V. simillima, or the Oriental hornet, V. orientalis) have similar cycles. In the case of tropical species (e.g., V. tropica), life histories may well differ; and in species with both tropical and temperate distributions (such as the Asian giant hornet, Vespa mandarinia), it is conceivable that the cycle depends on latitude.

The workers accomplish a variety of tasks during the colony's lifetime. These include:


Hornet Trivia

What do you call a baby hornet?
Answer: A baby hornet is called a larvae, pupae.

What do you call a female hornet?
Answer: A female hornet is called a queen.

What do you call a male hornet?
Answer: A male hornet is called a drone.

What do you call a group of hornets?
Answer: A group of hornets are called a swarm.

Question: What is the scientific classification of a hornet?
Answer: A hornet has the scientific classification of vespine.

Question: What class is a hornet in?
Answer: A hornet is in the invertebrate class.





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